INTER AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS: Rio Negro Massacres v. Guatemala


Facts: This case deals with the international responsibility of Guatemala, that has committed five massacres against members of the Rio Negro community, in the context of an internal armed conflict that took place between 1962 and 1996. These murders were committed by the Guatemalan army between 1980 and 1982.

Claimants : Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, Asociación para el Desarrollo Integral de las Víctimas de la violencia en las Verapaces (ADIVIMA)

Rights at stakes: Obligation to respect the right of the Convention, the right to dignity, freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of association, protection of the family, right to a family name, rights of the child, right to private property, freedom of circulation, equality on front of the law, judicial protection, right to the recognition of the judicial personality.

Texts: Inter-American Convention on Human: Articles 1,11,12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 ; International Convention on the Right of the Child, inter-American Convention on the prevention of torture, Inter-American Convention on the forced disappearance of people, Inter-American Convention on the prevention, repression and suppression of violence against women.

Solution: The Court estimated that Guatemala had failed to its duty in the case of forced disappearance on its territory and find it guilty of violation of the rights mentioned above.