INTER AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS: Gonzalez et al ("Cotton field") c. Mexico


Facts: This case deals with the responsibility of a State that had failed his duty to investigate on the disappearance of a woman and two children. In 2001, three corps had been found on a cotton field in Mexico.

Claimants : Inter-American Commission of Human Rights

Rights at stakes:Obligation to respect the rights of the Convention, obligation of non-discrimination, obligation to translate the right of the Convention into the national right, right to life, right to dignity, right to physical, moral and mental integrity, ban of torture and cruel, inhuman and degrading treatments, right to freedom, right to have a fair trial, right to be heard within reasonable delay, by a competent and independent court, rights of the child, right to a judicial protection, right to appeal to a competent Court.

Texts: Inter-American Convention of Human (IACHR): art 1, 1(1), 2, 4, 4(1), 5, 5(1), 5(2), 7, 7(1), 8, 8(1), 19, 25, 25(1)

Solution:The Court estimated that the State had violated the Inter-American Convention for Human Rights because it failed its duty to protect the victims despite the fact that it is fully aware of the risks and the existence of violence against women based on gender, which had many times led to the murder of women and girls