Sharia law and the death penalty : would abolition of the death penalty be unfaithful to the message of Islam ?

This article gives a general vision of the Islamic law and the jurisprudence referring to death penalty. Its goal is to show that the Sharia does not explicitly impose to apply death penalty in Muslim countries. The right to live is recognized in numerous fundamental texts such as the Coran and the Sunna for example. The article goes through different offences that could lead to a death penalty, as well as controversies that they create. Are the Islamic laws likely to evolve?